Royal Textile Factory Collection

The Royal Textile Factory nucleus represents the manufacturing and dyeing of the wool cloths and the construction of a manufacturing space of the 18th century.

This space tries to portray the pre and proto industrialisation history of the wool industry. In the permanent exhibition areas, movable goods composed of machines, equipments and instruments, referring to the wool manufacturing period, are presented.

This collection has several origins. We should point out that a significant part is composed of archaeological discoveries found out during the archaeological interventions that this nucleus was subjected to.

The permanent exhibition is located in the dye-house area of the pombaline building, occupying a space of 750 m², organised in three rooms, two galleries and a water reservoir, distributed in two floors with an access to the space called the “Parade” yard”.

In the visit tour, you go through the Cloths Dye-house room, the Water Reservoir, the Skein Dye-house room, the Furnace Galleries and the Vats Dye-house room.

The museological project and programme submitted to the preserved archaeological and architectonic pre-existences, which we tried to frame in space and time and recreate the manufacturing work environment. In the exhibition spaces, 332 goods were integrated among machines, equipments and instruments made of wood, metals, plastic, leather, textiles as well as documents in paper, iconography, organic products (natural and synthetic), materials made of stone and glasses. From this collection, it is estimated that about 45% was incorporated by being bought, 30% got in a regime of depot for an indeterminate time with the support of the extinguished Portuguese Institute of Cultural Patrimony, IPPC, 20% are archaeological remains (in ceramics, glass and iron) discovered during the three archaeological interventions to which the Royal Textile Factory Dye-house area was subjected, between 1986 and 1989, the remaining 15% are the result of particular donations. There are still in a specific reserve about 6,883 remains (of ceramics, metal, glass, plaster, bones, glazed tile, and others, complete, incomplete and fragments) remaining from the archaeological excavations.

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